It is a fact of life that as we age so does our bodies. We can fight gravity to an extent but our organs also age on the inside. One organ affected by age is our eyes.
Usually, in your 40s people who have never worn glasses find out that they need them for reading or driving.
People who drive at all hours of the day and night with no problem suddenly encounter problems driving at night. Objects are fuzzy, whether far away or close up. These are some of the problems that our vision can cause us as we age.
Here are just some of the vision issues that aging individuals may have to deal with as the years go on. Many can be managed through surgery or medication.
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1. Cataracts: The lens of the eye directs light onto the back of the eye. A clear lens projects pictures in focus depending on the shape of our lens. When that lens becomes cloudy it is hard for us to see well. Cataracts that form on our lenses result in poor vision that can only be corrected with surgery. The cloudy lens is removed and a new artificial lens is put in its place.
2. Detached retina: The retina sends impulses to the brain and receives information that results in the objects that we see. Problems with the retina such as a detached retina can impact our vision. The retina needs to be repaired to fix our vision problems.
3. Corneal transplant: The outer, clear part of our eye is the cornea. It covers the lens and the opening to the back of the eye. A scratched cornea or one that becomes injured impacts our vision. Even the lens can’t compensate for a faulty cornea. Donor cornea is used to transplant our cornea and restore proper vision.
4. Glaucoma: This condition can affect older people. Glaucoma can cause blindness through damage to the eye due to high fluid pressures in the eye. Medication and other conditions can raise the pressure. Glaucoma surgery relieves the pressure in the eye and attempts to prevent the fluid from building up again.
5. Dry eyes: The eyes produce tears that clean away dust, dirt, and keep the eyeball lubricated. As we age, that mechanism can falter and produce fewer tears. Dry eyes are irritating and lead to redness and decreased vision. This condition can be corrected with artificial tear drops, or an exploration of the tear ducts to see if there is a physiological reason why they are not working.
6. Presbyopia: This is not an uncommon problem as we age. Our visual acuity lessens and the focus of objects is not what it used to be. Many optometrists prescribe reading glasses to restore proper vision.
Our eyes are subject to aging as well. If you have any of the above conditions, consult an eye doctor right away for viable solutions.