Causes and Treatments of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Manic DepressionMedical science has yet to uncover a reason why some people develop bipolar disorder. It’s believed, though, that a variety of biological, genetic and environmental factors seem to work together to trigger these episodes.

There are different kinds of emotions that you can feel throughout your life. There are times where you are happy, and there are also times where you will feel depressed about something. This is a normal reaction to the environment. If something pleases you, you will be happy and if something bad happens, you will feel depressed.

However, there are some cases where people suffer from a brain disorder where they have no total control of their emotions. This particular disorder is called bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder that can affect your emotions or your mood. It is an illness where you will have little or no control of your emotions where you will experience different kinds of emotions at fluctuating intervals.

People with bipolar disorder often get depressed even when there is nothing to be depressed about. Even when you cheer that person up, you will see that it will have no effect on that person. You will also see that the mood will change to extreme euphoria where they will feel very happy and have gradual increase in their energy.

 

Signs of Bipolar

  • I feel like I’m on top of the world.
  • I feel powerful. I can do anything I want, nothing can stop me.
  • I have lots of energy.
  • I don’t seem to need much sleep.
  • I feel restless all the time.
  • I feel really mad.
  • I have a lot of sexual energy.

There are two classifications of symptoms for bipolar disorder. One is the manic episode, and the other is the depressive episode. In the manic episode, the person with bipolar disorder will have increased energy, talkative, unusually in a high or euphoric mood, irritable, have racing thoughts that can result in loss of concentration and jumping from one idea to another, unrealistic beliefs in their abilities and powers, increased sex drive, denial that anything is wrong, aggressive behavior, and abuse of substances, such as drugs and alcohol.

In depressive episode, the person with bipolar disorder will experience long duration of sadness, empty mood, feelings of guilt and worthlessness, feelings of hopelessness, being pessimistic, loss of interest in activities that is considered to be pleasurable such as sex, sleeping too much or can’t sleep at all, feelings of irritability, and thoughts of death or suicide. Sometimes, there comes a point where they even attempt to commit suicide.

These are the two classifications of the different signs and symptoms for bipolar disorder. Because of the symptoms associated, bipolar disorder is also called manic-depressive illness. Because of the constant mood change, bipolar disorder can affect a person’s social life. It can also affect a person with this disorder their job or school performance. They will also constantly experience making and losing friends because of their behavior.

You have to consider that bipolar disorder is a serious illness that should be treated with careful management. It is important that bipolar disorder should be treated immediately as soon as the signs and symptoms for it appear. Treatment will consist of psychotherapy and medication.

Psychotherapy can help the patient determine if they are going through a mood change and will also help them control their emotions better. However, there are cases where psychotherapy isn.t enough. Medication is usually prescribed for bipolar disorder where it can normalize their emotions. Here are some of the mood-stabilizing medications available in the market that can effectively treat bipolar disorder:

* Lithium
* Anticonvulsant medications, such as valproate and lamotrigine

Lithium is not without side effects. Those taking lithium may complain of nausea, stomach cramps, diarrhea, muscle weakness as well as fatigue. Some individuals find they have an increased thirst. Some even complain of being dazed and unusually sleepy. As the dosage is increased some people notice a marked, but mild hand tremor.

It is important that before starting a new medication for bipolar disorder, you should always consult your psychiatrist first as it may have some side effects. Depending on the medication, the side effects may include tremors, reduced sex drive, hair loss, anxiety, weight gain or loss, and dry mouth.

The treatments mentioned can effectively manage the bipolar disorder. You should consider that there is still no cure for bipolar disorder. It is a long term illness which requires long term treatment with psychotherapy and also medications.

 

Explanation of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar DisabilityBipolar disorder is a very serious mental illness. People with bipolar disorder experience dramatic mood swings. They experience an overly energetic high as well as a lightening-fast crash to hopeless, depressing lows — and then back again. The high feeling is called mania. The down feeling is depression.

Unfortunately, bipolar disorder can can be inherited. It usually starts in late adolescence or early adulthood. If you think you may have it, tell your health care provider. A medical checkup can rule out other illnesses that might cause your mood changes.

If left untreated, bipolar disorder can result in damaged relationships, poor job or school performance, and even suicide; however, there are effective treatments: medicines, therapy, and even natural supplements that can help. A combination usually works best.

If you have bipolar disorder, you just don’t feel it, you absolutely know it. A person with bipolar disorder will, more often than not, act on this feeling, embarking on new adventures that very often either are out of his grasp, or are quickly abandoned as he experiences the down side of the bipolar syndrome.

Those in a manic episode are much more likely to act recklessly or take chances not normally characteristic of the person. Aggressive behavior is a symptom of a manic episode, as is the inability to concentrate.

And the down side of the syndrome is the depression – agonizing lows where suicidal thoughts can creep in. A person with bipolar experiencing a depressive episode very often has trouble with the daily functioning of his life.

Additionally, an individual in the depressive episode experiences disturbances in both his sleep patterns and appetite. He may also have an apathetic attitude toward his daily routine along with unexplained fatigue. Chronic unexplained pain is also a signal of the depressive episode of bipolar.

In fact, bipolar disorder can be classified into several categories depending on the severity of the symptoms. Bipolar I disorder is the most severe, and involves mood swings with the widest of emotions separating them. Bipolar II disorder is a milder form. The intensity of the manic and the depression are less stark. Cyclothymic disorder represents the mildest of the three yet.

There are still two more varieties of the disorder. One is called mixed bipolar disorder in which the symptoms of the mania and the depression are present at the same time. While the person experiences feelings that are clearly grandiose, underlying that energy is an irritable angry mood.

The other is called rapid-cycling bipolar disorder and it’s exactly as the name implies. With this mental health problem, the episodes of mania and depression recur four or more times in a twelve-month period. Some individuals, in fact, experience multiple episodes within a single week and some within a single day.

Usually these characteristics develop later in the course of the initial bipolar disorder and seldom emerge on their own overnight. Women are more affected by rapid cycling bipolar disorder than men.

This particular kind of bipolar also places a person at an increased risk for severe depression as well as attempts at suicide. Some professionals claim that the use of antidepressants actually trigger this rapid cycling as well as prolong its presence.

The individual episodes of bipolar – the highs and the lows – may last for several weeks or several months. These episodes cause a disturbance not only in the life of the individual afflicted, but also for the entire family. Medical specialists say that the younger the individual is when the disorder is diagnosed, the more treatable it is. Unfortunately, those individuals who do not have this disorder diagnosed when the symptoms first appear are more likely to self medicate through alcohol and illegal drugs.

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Bipolar Disorder: Maintaining a Stress Free Lifestyle

Bipolar GirlStudies shows that in 60 percent of bipolar disorder cases, the first major depressive or manic episode is preceded by a significant stressor. Moreover, the more a person experiences mood swings, the more he or she is vulnerable to developing future relapses. Not only that, but relapses may diminish the effectiveness of drugs.

While bipolar disorder is not a medical condition that can be self-treated, there are several simple steps you can take to minimize your episodes and effectively manage bipolar disorder on a long-term basis.

Controlling levels of stress is a vital mental hygiene management technique. This can be done easily by creating a set of routine for themselves and augmenting it with some healthy habits, including exercise, healthy diet, nutritional supplements, and regular sleep habits.
According to several studies presented over the past few years, those who experienced disruptions in their normal daily activities – especially in their sleeping and eating habits – prove more susceptible to developing new episodes of mania and depression. They are also more vulnerable to experiencing more relapses in their symptoms. Experts agree that those who maintain predictable routines handle their bipolar symptoms much better.

A bipolar person must develop skills to cope with stress. Although most of us think of stress as exposure to bad situations, there is such a thing as “good” stress. Events that give you joy can be just as difficult to manage as traumatic, unpleasant events. Think of a wedding and the stresses involved. Exposure to stress can enhance both of manic and depressive episodes.

As an individual will respond differently to different circumstances, there are an endless number of activities that may be chronic stressors in their lives. Learn to identify these stressors, pay attention to life rhythms, and then establish a list of what you intend to do to minimize their impact on your life. Ideally, will be great to share this list with his family and close friends, they can help in trying to maintain a low-stress environment.

An important aspect of a daily routine for anyone with bipolar disorder is the necessity of keeping some semblance of an adequate sleep routine. Individuals with bipolar disorder appear to have a central nervous system that “commits errors.” The body’s hypothalamus regulates our internal clocks.

In individuals who suffer with bipolar disorder, this clock is difficult to regulate. Once the rhythms are disturbed – and it doesn’t take a great deal to disturb the rhythm of a person with bipolar disorder – it triggers a set of reactions. Disturbed patterns then affect the individual’s schedule for not only sleeping and waking, but a host of other routines as well.

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