The bony growth of bone spurs that form on the feet are normally located just beneath the calcaneus bone, which is otherwise known as the bone in the heel. Bone spurs that form in this area are well known for causing an extreme amount of pain and discomfort. This is because this part of the body continuously plays an active role in absorbing pressure and shock from daily activities like jumping, walking, and even standing.
The Formation of Bone Spurs on the Heel
There is a fibrous band that stretches from the ball of a person’s foot all the way back to their heel and is called the plantar fascia. The job of the plantar fascia is to work as a platform of support. When the alignment of a person’s foot is not adequate, microscopic tears can occur at the area it’s attached to the heel due to the pulling it causes. At this point bony growths form out of the deposits of calcium, causing pain as they poke into the foot-s flesh.
When a person has flat feet or they have arches that are higher than normal, the feet will generally take on a biomechanical form that is quite poor. This in turn causes over supination or over pronation, and can cause the risk of developing bone spurs to be much higher. This is a problem that more women suffer from than their male counterparts, and this is simply because of the type of shoes that they choose to wear.
Treatment Options that are Often Recommended for Bone Spurs on the Feet
There is a number of different treatment options that are available to men and women that suffer from the pain caused by bone spurs of the feet. While some of the treatment options are only temporary remedies, there are others that provide long-term relief.
Treatment Options that Provide Temporary Relief from Pain and Inflammation
- The application of ice to the affected area
- Placing the foot in an elevated position
- Providing the feet with an adequate amount of rest
- The use of heel cups or cradles
Another short-term treatment option that many physicians prescribe to patients that have high arches or flat feet is arch supports. These are often commonly referred to as foot orthotics. These work by helping to promote an even distribution of weight as they work as shock absorbers during impact. They also work very well for minimizing the pain caused by bone spurs on the feet, as they help to work as a cushion for the hell. To eliminate pressure the heel is under, they are often also added to orthotic insoles.
Treatment Options that Provide Long-Term Bone Spur Relief
There are many cases where patients do not receive a sufficient amount of pain relief from temporary methods of treatment. In cases like this cortisone injections or surgical procedures may be recommended. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) is a new treatment option that is also becoming popular for the effective long-term relief it can provide.